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MusicXmlExporter.cpp

/* -*- c-basic-offset: 4 indent-tabs-mode: nil -*- vi:set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4: */

/*
    Rosegarden
    A MIDI and audio sequencer and musical notation editor.
 
    This program is Copyright 2000-2007
        Guillaume Laurent   <glaurent@telegraph-road.org>,
        Chris Cannam        <cannam@all-day-breakfast.com>,
        Richard Bown        <richard.bown@ferventsoftware.com>
 
    This file is Copyright 2002
        Hans Kieserman      <hkieserman@mail.com>
    with heavy lifting from csoundio as it was on 13/5/2002.

    The moral rights of Guillaume Laurent, Chris Cannam, and Richard
    Bown to claim authorship of this work have been asserted.
 
    Other copyrights also apply to some parts of this work.  Please
    see the AUTHORS file and individual file headers for details.
 
    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
    published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
    License, or (at your option) any later version.  See the file
    COPYING included with this distribution for more information.
*/


#include "MusicXmlExporter.h"

#include "base/BaseProperties.h"
#include "base/Composition.h"
#include "base/CompositionTimeSliceAdapter.h"
#include "base/Event.h"
#include "base/Instrument.h"
#include "base/NotationTypes.h"
#include "base/XmlExportable.h"
#include "document/RosegardenGUIDoc.h"
#include "gui/application/RosegardenApplication.h"
#include "gui/general/ProgressReporter.h"
#include <qobject.h>

namespace Rosegarden
{

using namespace BaseProperties;

MusicXmlExporter::MusicXmlExporter(QObject *parent,
                                   RosegardenGUIDoc *doc,
                                   std::string fileName) :
        ProgressReporter(parent, "musicXmlExporter"),
        m_doc(doc),
        m_fileName(fileName)
{
    // nothing else
}

MusicXmlExporter::~MusicXmlExporter()
{
    // nothing
}

void
MusicXmlExporter::writeNote(Event *e, timeT lastNoteTime,
                            AccidentalTable &accTable,
                            const Clef &clef,
                            const Rosegarden::Key &key,
                            std::ofstream &str)
{
    str << "\t\t\t<note>" << std::endl;

    if (e->isa(Note::EventRestType)) {
        str << "\t\t\t\t<rest/>" << std::endl;

    } else {

        if (e->getNotationAbsoluteTime() == lastNoteTime) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<chord/>" << std::endl;
        } else {
            accTable.update();
        }

        if (e->has(TIED_BACKWARD) &&
                e->get
                <Bool>(TIED_BACKWARD)) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<tie type=\"stop\"/>" << std::endl;
        }
        if (e->has(TIED_FORWARD) &&
                e->get
                <Bool>(TIED_FORWARD)) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<tie type=\"start\"/>" << std::endl;
        }

        str << "\t\t\t\t<pitch>" << std::endl;

        long p = 0;
        e->get
        <Int>(PITCH, p);
        Pitch pitch(p);

        str << "\t\t\t\t\t<step>" << pitch.getNoteName(key) << "</step>" << std::endl;

        Accidental acc(pitch.getAccidental(key.isSharp()));
        Accidental displayAcc(pitch.getDisplayAccidental(key));

        bool cautionary = false;
        Accidental processedDisplayAcc =
            accTable.processDisplayAccidental
            (displayAcc, pitch.getHeightOnStaff(clef, key), cautionary);

        // don't handle cautionary accidentals here:
        if (cautionary)
            processedDisplayAcc = Accidentals::NoAccidental;

        if (acc == Accidentals::DoubleFlat) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t\t<alter>-2</alter>" << std::endl;
        } else if (acc == Accidentals::Flat) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t\t<alter>-1</alter>" << std::endl;
        } else if (acc == Accidentals::Sharp) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t\t<alter>1</alter>" << std::endl;
        } else if (acc == Accidentals::DoubleSharp) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t\t<alter>2</alter>" << std::endl;
        }

        int octave = pitch.getOctave( -1);
        str << "\t\t\t\t\t<octave>" << octave << "</octave>" << std::endl;

        str << "\t\t\t\t</pitch>" << std::endl;

        if (processedDisplayAcc == Accidentals::DoubleFlat) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<accidental>flat-flat</accidental>" << std::endl;
        } else if (processedDisplayAcc == Accidentals::Flat) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<accidental>flat</accidental>" << std::endl;
        } else if (processedDisplayAcc == Accidentals::Natural) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<accidental>natural</accidental>" << std::endl;
        } else if (processedDisplayAcc == Accidentals::Sharp) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<accidental>sharp</accidental>" << std::endl;
        } else if (processedDisplayAcc == Accidentals::DoubleSharp) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t<accidental>double-sharp</accidental>" << std::endl;
        }

        bool haveNotations = false;
        if (e->has(TIED_BACKWARD) &&
                e->get
                <Bool>(TIED_BACKWARD)) {
            if (!haveNotations) {
                str << "\t\t\t\t<notations>" << std::endl;
                haveNotations = true;
            }
            str << "\t\t\t\t\t<tied type=\"stop\"/>" << std::endl;
        }
        if (e->has(TIED_FORWARD) &&
                e->get
                <Bool>(TIED_FORWARD)) {
            if (!haveNotations) {
                str << "\t\t\t\t<notations>" << std::endl;
                haveNotations = true;
            }
            str << "\t\t\t\t\t<tied type=\"start\"/>" << std::endl;
        }
        if (haveNotations) {
            str << "\t\t\t\t</notations>" << std::endl;
        }
    }

    // Since there's no way to provide the performance absolute time
    // for a note, there's also no point in providing the performance
    // duration, even though it might in principle be of interest
    str << "\t\t\t\t<duration>" << e->getNotationDuration() << "</duration>" << std::endl;

    // Incomplete: will RG ever use this?
    str << "\t\t\t\t<voice>" << "1" << "</voice>" << std::endl;
    Note note = Note::getNearestNote(e->getNotationDuration(), MAX_DOTS);

    static const char *noteNames[] = {
                                         "64th", "32nd", "16th", "eighth", "quarter", "half", "whole", "breve"
                                     };

    int noteType = note.getNoteType();
    if (noteType < 0 || noteType >= int(sizeof(noteNames) / sizeof(noteNames[0]))) {
        std::cerr << "WARNING: MusicXmlExporter::writeNote: bad note type "
        << noteType << std::endl;
        noteType = 4;
    }

    str << "\t\t\t\t<type>" << noteNames[noteType] << "</type>" << std::endl;
    for (int i = 0; i < note.getDots(); ++i) {
        str << "\t\t\t\t<dot/>" << std::endl;
    }

    // could also do <stem>down</stem> if you wanted
    str << "\t\t\t</note>" << std::endl;
}

void
MusicXmlExporter::writeKey(Event *event, std::ofstream &str)
{
    Rosegarden::Key whichKey(*event);
    str << "\t\t\t\t<key>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t\t<fifths>"
    << (whichKey.isSharp() ? "" : "-")
    << (whichKey.getAccidentalCount()) << "</fifths>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t\t<mode>";
    if (whichKey.isMinor()) {
        str << "minor";
    } else {
        str << "major";
    }
    str << "</mode>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t\t</key>" << std::endl;
}

void
MusicXmlExporter::writeTime(TimeSignature timeSignature, std::ofstream &str)
{
    str << "\t\t\t\t<time>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t\t<beats>" << timeSignature.getNumerator() << "</beats>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t\t<beat-type>" << timeSignature.getDenominator() << "</beat-type>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t\t</time>" << std::endl;
}

void
MusicXmlExporter::writeClef(Event *event, std::ofstream &str)
{
    str << "\t\t\t\t<clef>" << std::endl;
    std::string whichClef = Clef::Treble;
    event->get
    <String>(Clef::ClefPropertyName, whichClef);
    if (whichClef == Clef::Treble) {
        str << "\t\t\t\t<sign>G</sign>" << std::endl;
        str << "\t\t\t\t<line>2</line>" << std::endl;
    } else if (whichClef == Clef::Alto) {
        str << "\t\t\t\t<sign>C</sign>" << std::endl;
        str << "\t\t\t\t<line>3</line>" << std::endl;
    } else if (whichClef == Clef::Tenor) {
        str << "\t\t\t\t<sign>C</sign>" << std::endl;
        str << "\t\t\t\t<line>4</line>" << std::endl;
    } else if (whichClef == Clef::Bass) {
        str << "\t\t\t\t<sign>F</sign>" << std::endl;
        str << "\t\t\t\t<line>4</line>" << std::endl;
    }
    str << "\t\t\t\t</clef>" << std::endl;
}

bool
MusicXmlExporter::write()
{
    Composition *composition = &m_doc->getComposition();

    std::ofstream str(m_fileName.c_str(), std::ios::out);
    if (!str) {
        std::cerr << "MusicXmlExporter::write() - can't write file " << m_fileName << std::endl;
        return false;
    }

    // XML header information
    str << "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>" << std::endl;
    str << "<!DOCTYPE score-partwise PUBLIC \"-//Recordare//DTD MusicXML 0.6 Partwise//EN\" \"http://www.musicxml.org/dtds/partwise.dtd\">" << std::endl;
    // MusicXml header information
    str << "<score-partwise>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t<work> <work-title>" << m_fileName <<
    "</work-title></work> " << std::endl;
    // Movement, etc. info goes here
    str << "\t<identification> " << std::endl;
    if (composition->getCopyrightNote() != "") {
        str << "\t\t<rights>"
        << XmlExportable::encode(composition->getCopyrightNote())
        << "</rights>" << std::endl;
    }
    str << "\t\t<encoding>" << std::endl;
    // Incomplete: Insert date!
    //    str << "\t\t\t<encoding-date>" << << "</encoding-date>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t\t<software>Rosegarden</software>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t\t</encoding>" << std::endl;
    str << "\t</identification> " << std::endl;

    // MIDI information
    str << "\t<part-list>" << std::endl;
    Composition::trackcontainer& tracks = composition->getTracks();

    int trackNo = 0;
    timeT lastNoteTime = -1;

    for (Composition::trackiterator i = tracks.begin();
            i != tracks.end(); ++i) {
        // Incomplete: What about all the other Midi stuff?
        // Incomplete: (Future) GUI to set labels if they're not already
        Instrument * trackInstrument = (&m_doc->getStudio())->getInstrumentById((*i).second->getInstrument());
        str << "\t\t<score-part id=\"" << (*i).first << "\">" << std::endl;
        str << "\t\t\t<part-name>" << (*i).second->getLabel() << "</part-name>" << std::endl;
        if (trackInstrument) {
            str << "\t\t\t<score-instrument id=\"" << trackInstrument->getName() << "\">" << std::endl;
            str << "\t\t\t\t<instrument-name>" << trackInstrument->getType() << "</instrument-name>" << std::endl;
            str << "\t\t\t</score-instrument>" << std::endl;
            str << "\t\t\t<midi-instrument id=\"" << trackInstrument->getName() << "\">" << std::endl;
            str << "\t\t\t\t<midi-channel>" << ((unsigned int)trackInstrument->getMidiChannel() + 1) << "</midi-channel>" << std::endl;
            if (trackInstrument->sendsProgramChange()) {
                str << "\t\t\t\t<midi-program>" << ((unsigned int)trackInstrument->getProgramChange() + 1) << "</midi-program>" << std::endl;
            }
            str << "\t\t\t</midi-instrument>" << std::endl;
        }
        str << "\t\t</score-part>" << std::endl;

        emit setProgress(int(double(trackNo++) / double(tracks.size()) * 20.0));
        rgapp->refreshGUI(50);

    } // end track iterator
    str << "\t</part-list>" << std::endl;

    // Notes!
    // Write out all segments for each Track
    trackNo = 0;

    for (Composition::trackiterator j = tracks.begin();
            j != tracks.end(); ++j) {

        bool startedPart = false;

        // Code courtesy docs/code/iterators.txt
        CompositionTimeSliceAdapter::TrackSet trackSet;

        // Incomplete: get the track info for each track (i.e. this should
        // be in an iterator loop) into the track set
        trackSet.insert((*j).first);
        CompositionTimeSliceAdapter adapter(composition, trackSet);

        int oldMeasureNumber = -1;
        bool startedAttributes = false;
        Rosegarden::Key key;
        Clef clef;
        AccidentalTable accTable(key, clef);
        TimeSignature prevTimeSignature;

        for (CompositionTimeSliceAdapter::iterator k = adapter.begin();
                k != adapter.end(); ++k) {

            Event *event = *k;
            timeT absoluteTime = event->getNotationAbsoluteTime();

            if (!startedPart) {
                str << "\t<part id=\"" << (*j).first << "\">" << std::endl;
                startedPart = true;
            }

            // Open a new measure if necessary
            // Incomplete: How does MusicXML handle non-contiguous measures?
            int measureNumber = composition->getBarNumber(absoluteTime);

            if (oldMeasureNumber < 0) {
                str << "\t\t<measure number=\"" << (measureNumber + 1) << "\">" << std::endl;
                str << "\t\t\t<attributes>" << std::endl;
                // Divisions is divisions of crotchet (quarter-note) on which all
                // note-lengths are based
                str << "\t\t\t\t<divisions>" << Note(Note::Crotchet).getDuration() << "</divisions>" << std::endl;
                prevTimeSignature = composition->getTimeSignatureAt(composition->getStartMarker());
                writeTime(prevTimeSignature, str);
                startedAttributes = true;

            } else if (measureNumber > oldMeasureNumber) {

                if (startedAttributes) {
                    str << "\t\t\t</attributes>" << std::endl;
                    startedAttributes = false;
                }

                while (measureNumber > oldMeasureNumber) {

                    ++oldMeasureNumber;
                    str << "\t\t</measure>\n" << std::endl;
                    str << "\t\t<measure number=\"" << (oldMeasureNumber + 1) << "\">" << std::endl;
                }

                accTable = AccidentalTable(key, clef);

            } else if (measureNumber < oldMeasureNumber) {
                // Incomplete: Error!
            }
            oldMeasureNumber = measureNumber;

            // process event
            if (event->isa(Rosegarden::Key::EventType)) {

                if (!startedAttributes) {
                    str << "\t\t\t<attributes>" << std::endl;
                    startedAttributes = true;
                }
                writeKey(event, str);
                key = Rosegarden::Key(*event);
                accTable = AccidentalTable(key, clef);

            } else if (event->isa(Clef::EventType)) {

                if (!startedAttributes) {
                    str << "\t\t\t<attributes>" << std::endl;
                    startedAttributes = true;
                }
                writeClef(event, str);
                clef = Clef(*event);
                accTable = AccidentalTable(key, clef);

            } else if (event->isa(Note::EventRestType) ||
                       event->isa(Note::EventType)) {

                // Random TimeSignature events in the middle of nowhere will
                // be ignored, for better or worse
                TimeSignature timeSignature = composition->getTimeSignatureAt(absoluteTime);
                if (timeSignature.getNumerator() != prevTimeSignature.getNumerator() ||
                        timeSignature.getDenominator() != prevTimeSignature.getDenominator()) {
                    if (!startedAttributes) {
                        str << "\t\t\t<attributes>" << std::endl;
                        startedAttributes = true;
                    }
                    writeTime(timeSignature, str);
                    prevTimeSignature = timeSignature;
                }
                if (startedAttributes) {
                    str << "\t\t\t</attributes>" << std::endl;
                    startedAttributes = false;
                }

                writeNote(event, lastNoteTime, accTable, clef, key, str);

                if (event->isa(Note::EventType)) {
                    lastNoteTime = event->getNotationAbsoluteTime();
                } else if (event->isa(Note::EventRestType)) {
                    lastNoteTime = -1;
                }
            }
        }

        if (startedPart) {
            str << "\t\t</measure>" << std::endl;
            str << "\t</part>" << std::endl;
        }

        emit setProgress(20 +
                         int(double(trackNo++) / double(tracks.size()) * 80.0));
        rgapp->refreshGUI(50);
    }

    str << "</score-partwise>" << std::endl;
    str.close();
    return true;
}

}

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