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MappedEvent.h

// -*- c-indentation-style:"stroustrup" c-basic-offset: 4 -*-

/*
  Rosegarden
  A sequencer and musical notation editor.
  Copyright 2000-2009 the Rosegarden development team.

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
  published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
  License, or (at your option) any later version.  See the file
  COPYING included with this distribution for more information.
*/

#include <qdatastream.h>

#include "RealTime.h"
#include "Track.h"
#include "Event.h"


#ifndef _MAPPEDEVENT_H_
#define _MAPPEDEVENT_H_

// Used as a transformation stage between Composition, Events and output
// at the Sequencer this class and MidiComposition eliminate the notion
// of the Segment and Track for ease of Event access.  The MappedEvents
// are ready for playing or routing through an Instrument or Effects
// boxes.
//
// MappedEvents can also represent instructions for playback of audio
// samples - if the m_type is Audio then the sequencer will attempt to
// map the Pitch (m_data1) to the audio id.  Note that this limits us
// to 256 audio files in the Composition unless we use a different
// parameter for storing these IDs.
// 
// The MappedEvent/Instrument relationship is interesting - we don't
// want to duplicate the entire Instrument at the Sequencer level as
// it'd be messy and unnecessary.  Instead we use a MappedInstrument
// which is just a very cut down Sequencer-side version of an Instrument.
//
// Some of these Events are unidirectional, some are bidirectional -
// that is they only have a meaning in one direction (they are still
// legal at either end).  They are broadcast in both directions using
// the "getSequencerSlice" and "processAsync/Recorded" interfaces on
// which the control messages can piggyback and eventually stripped out.
//

namespace Rosegarden
{
class MappedEvent;

class DataBlockRepository
{
public:
    friend class MappedEvent;
    typedef unsigned long blockid;

    static DataBlockRepository* getInstance();
    static std::string getDataBlockForEvent(MappedEvent*);
    static void setDataBlockForEvent(MappedEvent*, const std::string&);
    /**
     * Clear all block files
     */
    static void clear();
    bool hasDataBlock(blockid);

protected:
    DataBlockRepository();

    std::string getDataBlock(blockid);

    void addDataByteForEvent(MidiByte byte, MappedEvent*);
    void addDataStringForEvent(const std::string&, MappedEvent*);


    blockid registerDataBlock(const std::string&);
    void unregisterDataBlock(blockid);

    void registerDataBlockForEvent(const std::string&, MappedEvent*);
    void unregisterDataBlockForEvent(MappedEvent*);


    //--------------- Data members ---------------------------------

    static DataBlockRepository* m_instance;
};


class MappedEvent
{
public:
    typedef enum
    {
        // INVALID
        //
        InvalidMappedEvent       = 0,

        // Keep the MidiNotes bit flaggable so that filtering works
        //
        MidiNote                 = 1 << 0,
        MidiNoteOneShot          = 1 << 1,  // doesn't need NOTE OFFs
        MidiProgramChange        = 1 << 2,
        MidiKeyPressure          = 1 << 3,
        MidiChannelPressure      = 1 << 4,
        MidiPitchBend            = 1 << 5,
        MidiController           = 1 << 6,
        MidiSystemMessage        = 1 << 7,

        // Sent from the gui to play an audio file
        Audio                    = 1 << 8,
        // Sent from gui to cancel playing an audio file
        AudioCancel              = 1 << 9,
        // Sent to the gui with audio level on Instrument
        AudioLevel               = 1 << 10,
        // Sent to the gui to inform an audio file stopped
        AudioStopped             = 1 << 11,
        // The gui is clear to generate a preview for a new audio file
        AudioGeneratePreview     = 1 << 12,

        // Update Instruments - new ALSA client detected
        SystemUpdateInstruments  = 1 << 13,
        // Set RG as JACK master/slave
        SystemJackTransport      = 1 << 14,
        // Set RG as MMC master/slave
        SystemMMCTransport       = 1 << 15,
        // Set System Messages and MIDI Clock
        SystemMIDIClock          = 1 << 16,
        // Set Record device
        SystemRecordDevice       = 1 << 17,
        // Set Metronome device
        SystemMetronomeDevice    = 1 << 18,
        // Set Audio inputs/outputs: data1 num inputs, data2 num submasters
        SystemAudioPortCounts    = 1 << 19,
        // Set whether we create various Audio ports (data1 is an AudioOutMask)
        SystemAudioPorts         = 1 << 20,
        // Some failure has occurred: data1 contains FailureCode
        SystemFailure            = 1 << 21,

        // Time sig. event (from time sig. composition reference segment)
        TimeSignature            = 1 << 22,
        // Tempo event (from tempo composition reference segment)
        Tempo                    = 1 << 23,
        
        // Panic function
        Panic                    = 1 << 24,

        // Set RG as MTC master/slave
        SystemMTCTransport       = 1 << 25,
        // Auto-connect sync outputs
        SystemMIDISyncAuto       = 1 << 26,
        // File format used for audio recording (data1 is 0=PCM,1=float)
        SystemAudioFileFormat    = 1 << 27

    } MappedEventType;

    typedef enum
    {
        // These values are OR'd to produce the data2 field in a
        // SystemAudioPorts event.
        FaderOuts                = 1 << 0,
        SubmasterOuts            = 1 << 1

    } MappedEventAudioOutMask;

    typedef enum
    {
        // JACK is having some xruns - warn the user maybe
        FailureXRuns             = 0,
        // JACK has died or kicked us out
        FailureJackDied          = 1,
        // Audio subsystem failed to read from disc fast enough
        FailureDiscUnderrun      = 2,
        // Audio subsystem failed to write to disc fast enough
        FailureDiscOverrun       = 3,
        // Audio subsystem failed to mix busses fast enough
        FailureBussMixUnderrun   = 4,
        // Audio subsystem failed to mix instruments fast enough
        FailureMixUnderrun       = 5,
        // Using a timer that has too low a resolution (e.g. 100Hz system timer)
        WarningImpreciseTimer    = 6,
        // Too much CPU time spent in audio processing -- risk of xruns and lockup
        FailureCPUOverload       = 7,
        // JACK kicked us out, but we've reconnected
        FailureJackRestart       = 8,
        // JACK kicked us out, and now the reconnection has failed
        FailureJackRestartFailed = 9,
        // A necessary ALSA call has returned an error code
        FailureALSACallFailed    = 10,
        // Using a timer that has too low a resolution, but RTC might work
        WarningImpreciseTimerTryRTC = 11,
    } FailureCode;      

    MappedEvent(): m_trackId(NO_TRACK),
                   m_instrument(0),
                   m_type(MidiNote),
                   m_data1(0),
                   m_data2(0),
                   m_eventTime(0, 0),
                   m_duration(0, 0),
                   m_audioStartMarker(0, 0),
                   m_dataBlockId(0),
                   m_isPersistent(false),
                   m_runtimeSegmentId(-1),
                   m_autoFade(false),
                   m_fadeInTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
                   m_fadeOutTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
                   m_recordedChannel(0),
                   m_recordedDevice(0) {}

    // Construct from Events to Internal (MIDI) type MappedEvent
    //
    MappedEvent(const Event &e);

    // Another Internal constructor from Events
    MappedEvent(InstrumentId id,
                const Event &e,
                const RealTime &eventTime,
                const RealTime &duration);

    // A general MappedEvent constructor for any MappedEvent type
    //
    MappedEvent(InstrumentId id,
                MappedEventType type,
                MidiByte pitch,
                MidiByte velocity,
                const RealTime &absTime,
                const RealTime &duration,
                const RealTime &audioStartMarker):
        m_trackId(NO_TRACK),
        m_instrument(id),
        m_type(type),
        m_data1(pitch),
        m_data2(velocity),
        m_eventTime(absTime),
        m_duration(duration),
        m_audioStartMarker(audioStartMarker),
        m_dataBlockId(0),
        m_isPersistent(false),
        m_runtimeSegmentId(-1),
        m_autoFade(false),
        m_fadeInTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
        m_fadeOutTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
        m_recordedChannel(0),
        m_recordedDevice(0) {}

    // Audio MappedEvent shortcut constructor
    //
    MappedEvent(InstrumentId id,
                unsigned short audioID,
                const RealTime &eventTime,
                const RealTime &duration,
                const RealTime &audioStartMarker):
         m_trackId(NO_TRACK),
         m_instrument(id),
         m_type(Audio),
         m_data1(audioID % 256),
         m_data2(audioID / 256),
         m_eventTime(eventTime),
         m_duration(duration),
         m_audioStartMarker(audioStartMarker),
         m_dataBlockId(0),
         m_isPersistent(false),
         m_runtimeSegmentId(-1),
         m_autoFade(false),
         m_fadeInTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
         m_fadeOutTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
         m_recordedChannel(0),
         m_recordedDevice(0) {}

    // More generalised MIDI event containers for
    // large and small events (one param, two param)
    //
    MappedEvent(InstrumentId id,
                MappedEventType type,
                MidiByte data1,
                MidiByte data2):
         m_trackId(NO_TRACK),
         m_instrument(id),
         m_type(type),
         m_data1(data1),
         m_data2(data2),
         m_eventTime(RealTime(0, 0)),
         m_duration(RealTime(0, 0)),
         m_audioStartMarker(RealTime(0, 0)),
         m_dataBlockId(0),
         m_isPersistent(false),
         m_runtimeSegmentId(-1),
         m_autoFade(false),
         m_fadeInTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
         m_fadeOutTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
         m_recordedChannel(0),
         m_recordedDevice(0) {}

    MappedEvent(InstrumentId id,
                MappedEventType type,
                MidiByte data1):
        m_trackId(NO_TRACK),
        m_instrument(id),
        m_type(type),
        m_data1(data1),
        m_data2(0),
        m_eventTime(RealTime(0, 0)),
        m_duration(RealTime(0, 0)),
        m_audioStartMarker(RealTime(0, 0)),
        m_dataBlockId(0),
        m_isPersistent(false),
        m_runtimeSegmentId(-1),
        m_autoFade(false),
        m_fadeInTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
        m_fadeOutTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
        m_recordedChannel(0),
        m_recordedDevice(0) {}


    // Construct SysExs say
    //
    MappedEvent(InstrumentId id,
                MappedEventType type):
        m_trackId(NO_TRACK),
        m_instrument(id),
        m_type(type),
        m_data1(0),
        m_data2(0),
        m_eventTime(RealTime(0, 0)),
        m_duration(RealTime(0, 0)),
        m_audioStartMarker(RealTime(0, 0)),
        m_dataBlockId(0),
        m_isPersistent(false),
        m_runtimeSegmentId(-1),
        m_autoFade(false),
        m_fadeInTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
        m_fadeOutTime(RealTime::zeroTime),
        m_recordedChannel(0),
        m_recordedDevice(0) {}

    // Copy constructor
    //
    // Fix for 674731 by Pedro Lopez-Cabanillas (20030531)
    MappedEvent(const MappedEvent &mE):
        m_trackId(mE.getTrackId()),
        m_instrument(mE.getInstrument()),
        m_type(mE.getType()),
        m_data1(mE.getData1()),
        m_data2(mE.getData2()),
        m_eventTime(mE.getEventTime()),
        m_duration(mE.getDuration()),
        m_audioStartMarker(mE.getAudioStartMarker()),
        m_dataBlockId(mE.getDataBlockId()),
        m_isPersistent(false),
        m_runtimeSegmentId(mE.getRuntimeSegmentId()),
        m_autoFade(mE.isAutoFading()),
        m_fadeInTime(mE.getFadeInTime()),
        m_fadeOutTime(mE.getFadeOutTime()),
        m_recordedChannel(mE.getRecordedChannel()),
        m_recordedDevice(mE.getRecordedDevice()) {}

    // Copy from pointer
    // Fix for 674731 by Pedro Lopez-Cabanillas (20030531)
    MappedEvent(MappedEvent *mE):
        m_trackId(mE->getTrackId()),
        m_instrument(mE->getInstrument()),
        m_type(mE->getType()),
        m_data1(mE->getData1()),
        m_data2(mE->getData2()),
        m_eventTime(mE->getEventTime()),
        m_duration(mE->getDuration()),
        m_audioStartMarker(mE->getAudioStartMarker()),
        m_dataBlockId(mE->getDataBlockId()),
        m_isPersistent(false),
        m_runtimeSegmentId(mE->getRuntimeSegmentId()),
        m_autoFade(mE->isAutoFading()),
        m_fadeInTime(mE->getFadeInTime()),
        m_fadeOutTime(mE->getFadeOutTime()),
        m_recordedChannel(mE->getRecordedChannel()),
        m_recordedDevice(mE->getRecordedDevice()) {}

    // Construct perhaps without initialising, for placement new or equivalent
    MappedEvent(bool initialise) {
        if (initialise) *this = MappedEvent();
    }

    // Event time
    //
    void setEventTime(const RealTime &a) { m_eventTime = a; }
    RealTime getEventTime() const { return m_eventTime; }

    // Duration
    //
    void setDuration(const RealTime &d) { m_duration = d; }
    RealTime getDuration() const { return m_duration; }

    // Instrument
    void setInstrument(InstrumentId id) { m_instrument = id; }
    InstrumentId getInstrument() const { return m_instrument; }

    // Track
    void setTrackId(TrackId id) { m_trackId = id; }
    TrackId getTrackId() const { return m_trackId; }

    MidiByte getPitch() const { return m_data1; }

    // Keep pitch within MIDI limits
    //
    void setPitch(MidiByte p)
    {
        m_data1 = p;
        if (m_data1 > MidiMaxValue) m_data1 = MidiMaxValue;
    }

    void setVelocity(MidiByte v) { m_data2 = v; }
    MidiByte getVelocity() const { return m_data2; }

    // And the trendy names for them
    //
    MidiByte getData1() const { return m_data1; }
    MidiByte getData2() const { return m_data2; }
    void setData1(MidiByte d1) { m_data1 = d1; }
    void setData2(MidiByte d2) { m_data2 = d2; }

    void setAudioID(unsigned short id) { m_data1 = id % 256; m_data2 = id / 256; }
    int getAudioID() const { return m_data1 + 256 * m_data2; }

    // A sample doesn't have to be played from the beginning.  When
    // passing an Audio event this value may be set to indicate from
    // where in the sample it should be played.  Duration is measured
    // against total sounding length (not absolute position).
    //
    void setAudioStartMarker(const RealTime &aS)
        { m_audioStartMarker = aS; }
    RealTime getAudioStartMarker() const
        { return m_audioStartMarker; }

    MappedEventType getType() const { return m_type; }
    void setType(const MappedEventType &value) { m_type = value; }

    // Data block id
    //
    DataBlockRepository::blockid getDataBlockId() const { return m_dataBlockId; }
    void setDataBlockId(DataBlockRepository::blockid dataBlockId) { m_dataBlockId = dataBlockId; }
    
    // How MappedEvents are ordered in the MappedComposition
    //
    struct MappedEventCmp
    {
        bool operator()(const MappedEvent *mE1, const MappedEvent *mE2) const
        {
            return *mE1 < *mE2;
        }
    };

    friend bool operator<(const MappedEvent &a, const MappedEvent &b);

    MappedEvent& operator=(const MappedEvent &mE);

    friend QDataStream& operator>>(QDataStream &dS, MappedEvent *mE);
    friend QDataStream& operator<<(QDataStream &dS, MappedEvent *mE);
    friend QDataStream& operator>>(QDataStream &dS, MappedEvent &mE);
    friend QDataStream& operator<<(QDataStream &dS, const MappedEvent &mE);

    /// Add a single byte to the event's datablock (for SysExs)
    void addDataByte(MidiByte byte);
    /// Add several bytes to the event's datablock
    void addDataString(const std::string& data);

    void setPersistent(bool value) { m_isPersistent = value; }
    bool isPersistent() const { return m_isPersistent; }

    /// Size of a MappedEvent in a stream
    static const size_t streamedSize;

    // The runtime segment id of an audio file
    //
    int getRuntimeSegmentId() const { return m_runtimeSegmentId; }
    void setRuntimeSegmentId(int id) { m_runtimeSegmentId = id; }

    bool isAutoFading() const { return m_autoFade; }
    void setAutoFade(bool value) { m_autoFade = value; }

    RealTime getFadeInTime() const { return m_fadeInTime; }
    void setFadeInTime(const RealTime &time)
            { m_fadeInTime = time; }

    RealTime getFadeOutTime() const { return m_fadeOutTime; }
    void setFadeOutTime(const RealTime &time)
            { m_fadeOutTime = time; }
    
    // Original event input channel as it was recorded
    //
    unsigned int getRecordedChannel() const { return m_recordedChannel; }
    void setRecordedChannel(const unsigned int channel) 
            { m_recordedChannel = channel; }
            
    // Original event record device as it was recorded
    //
    unsigned int getRecordedDevice() const { return m_recordedDevice; }
    void setRecordedDevice(const unsigned int device) { m_recordedDevice = device; }

private:
    TrackId          m_trackId;
    InstrumentId     m_instrument;
    MappedEventType  m_type;
    MidiByte         m_data1;
    MidiByte         m_data2;
    RealTime         m_eventTime;
    RealTime         m_duration;
    RealTime         m_audioStartMarker;

    // Use this when we want to store something in addition to the
    // other bytes in this type, e.g. System Exclusive.
    //
    DataBlockRepository::blockid m_dataBlockId;

    // Should a MappedComposition try and delete this MappedEvent or
    // if it persistent?
    //
    bool             m_isPersistent;


    // Id of the segment that this (audio) event is derived from
    //
    int              m_runtimeSegmentId;

    // Audio autofading
    //
    bool                  m_autoFade;
    RealTime  m_fadeInTime;
    RealTime  m_fadeOutTime;

    // input event original data,
    // stored as it was recorded
    //
    unsigned int          m_recordedChannel;
    unsigned int          m_recordedDevice;
};


}

#endif

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